只有人生赢家才会快乐不,你搞反了

  • 日期:07-13
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我们从童年时代就听过无数的话语。选好学校,找个好工作,然后获得晋升,提高薪水,买房子,买车,就可以享受快乐,幸福和轻松。这听起来很完美,我们遵循这一思路,开始追逐成功的轨道,一路奔跑,期待多年后得到我们想要的东西,并获得快乐。

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一直到丨giphy

但获得结果不是一天的工作。在这个过程中,我们可能会责怪自己暂时没有实现目标,在压力下焦虑并对自己感到失望。难道不是一天不成功,是不是快乐的一天?

事实上,幸福与成功之间的关系并不像我们想象的那样。越来越多的研究表明,幸福第一可以促进成就。来自加州大学河滨分校和查普曼大学的三位研究“幸福”的心理学家在过去十年中对170多项研究进行了分析和分析,发现幸福实际上是成功的种子,而不是我们首先想到的。成功,再次开心。“

乐观和快乐,工作得分高

在心理学领域,“幸福”的积极概念通常与个人主观幸福感和积极情绪密切相关。他们都在描述一种值得追求的幸福状态:对生活满意,经常感到兴奋,满足和平和。

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满意的喜悦和喜悦| Giphy

了解人们的心理现象通常始于对群体的观察。大量的观察性研究发现,快乐的人对自己的工作比对不快乐的同事更满意,更有可能得到同事的帮助。情绪更积极的人有更多的工作参与,更强的工作责任,不太可能缺勤和辞职,更有可能获得更多的薪水。

更有趣的是,这些快乐的办公室工作人员也将赢得更多上司的好处。这可能听起来不公平,但确实存在“光环效应”,也就是说,一个领域的积极印象会影响另一个领域的评价。活泼开朗的特点让老板很容易给你留下好印象。这种积极的印象将推广到其他方面。 “他很开心,工作能力很强。”

我经常有微笑和积极的态度,这也有助于真正的工作表现。在保险销售行业中,被客户拒绝和忽视并变得软弱和沮丧是很常见的。面对销售失败,一些保险销售人员乐观地认为,挫折是暂时的,并且是由外部原因引起的。与悲观的推销员相比,他们的保险交易将高出37%。

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乐观和兴奋,可以阻止挫折Giphy

然而,这些研究都是相关的研究,不可能分辨出谁是第一个快乐的人。然后,研究人员分析了在时间维度上跨越数周,数月甚至数年的纵向研究。

随着时间的推移,幸福欢迎成就

从纵向研究中,他们首先观察了幸福之后的成就规律。自大学以来,幸福对未来工作条件的影响已经开始。

在大学里更开心的人更有可能在毕业3个月后接受面试。他们会更清楚自己的工作追求,并且会更积极地提交工作申请参与,这将有助于找到一份好工作。

One of the studies investigated the emotional state of prospective college students when they entered school and conducted follow-up investigations after 19 years of graduation. It was found that their happy mood at the time of enrollment predicted the overall working status of their 19 years after graduation. I am happier when I enter school. After 19 years, they have higher incomes and 30% less time in unemployed status. Although their income is positively related to their parents' income, when we observe people at the same parental income level, we can find that people who are more active in the future can earn $20,000 more than those who are not so happy in the future. There are many.

However, the light pointed out that the order is not enough. There may also be variables that we have not measured yet, while affecting happiness and success, such as cleverness, extroversion, and so on. Indeed, there are studies that prove that extroverts are more likely to be both successful and happy. Is it happy to "cause" success? This must be demonstrated by experiments with a set of controls and a clear sequence.

In the experiment, participants were assigned to different emotional perception groups active, negative and neutral emotion groups. Then they will complete some task tests, such as comparison coding, numerical operations, and so on. There are quite a few such experiments that prove that people who have experienced positive emotions at the beginning have set higher mission goals than the non-positive emotion group, and they will estimate that they can accomplish more tasks before doing the task; This kind of optimism is not blind. In actual operation, they are more efficient in responding to tasks, and they are less likely to give up and evaluate their attitudes more positively.

Happiness is not a one-way street

xxAlthough happiness promotes achievement, these conclusions are not to emphasize the path of achieving achievement and only happiness. Happiness should not be a kind of coercion and necessity. If you want everyone to be happy to work, "forcing happiness" is a negative and shackle. It is good to be able to cope with life and continue to progress in a positive and optimistic state. This does not mean that pessimism is ineffective. Not all people who have made great achievements are realized in a happy state. Chaplin's subtle silent comedy is not based on happiness and excitement; the British Prime Minister Churchill, who was led by World War II, was often troubled by depression and depression.

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Happiness can't be the reason for exploitation 丨Tenor

Moreover, happiness and happiness should not be narrowly limited to achievement. I believe that when I run to the end, I am qualified to be happy. You are likely to miss the joy that this road can have. Acquiring achievements and achieving higher self-worth can of course bring happiness. But there are many ways to recharge your happiness:

Meet with family and friends

Experience new stimuli

Get friendly help

Grateful for everyday income

Enjoy the pleasure of food, books, movies, music, and travel

The sense of meaning to help others

And this psychological study, which has been running for more than a decade, may just want to tell us not to pursue achievements, but to forget the importance of self-state in the process of advancement. Excitement, excitement, optimism and happiness every day can be a boost to our progress as a positive spiritual force. Cultivating everyday happiness is more valuable than just staring at the end result.

Author: Lisa Walsh, Julia Boehm, Sonja Lyubomirsky

Editor: Iris, Li Zi Lizi SMS

Compilation source:

xx

参考来源:

Walsh,L.C.Boehm,J.K。& Lyubomirsky,S。(2018)。幸福能促进事业成功吗?重新审视证据。 Journal of Career Assessment,26(2),199-219。

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